Report of the
Senate Select Committee
CONCLUSIONS AND A LOOK AHEAD
The U.S. Senate Select Committee on POW/MIA Affairs has
accomplished most of the goals and tasks that were assigned to it
by the U.S. Senate at its creation. However, as with any
assignment to review matters occurring over a 20-year period and
involving thousands of individuals, there remain areas of inquiry
that still must be completed. These areas fall into the following
The Committee recommends that the U.S./Russia Commission continue
to pursue those leads which involve the countries of the former
Soviet Union, including, but not limited to:
. Interview Vladimir Churkov, head of the KGB 6th Division
(Southeast Asia) during the mid- to late-1970s. It was
General Kalugin's testimony that Gen. Churkov would be the
most knowledgeable individual as to whether U.S. POWs were
held in Vietnam after 1973. The Senate Select Committee has
not been able to obtain an interview with Gen. Churkov.
. Re-evaluate the testimony of General Kalugin versus the
testimony of Oleg Nechiporenko. Gen. Kalugin testified at his
deposition that U.S. POWs in Vietnam were interviewed by KGB
agents (Nechiporenko) after 1973 and possibly as late as 1976.
Oleg Nechiporenko told Senators Kerry and Smith in Moscow that
he interviewed a POW in 1973. He also said he prepared a
questionnaire for use by the Vietnamese. Both the CIA and the
Vietnamese confirmed the KGB interrogation of the CIA agent.
. Interview the Soviet Ambassador to Laos (1973). Gen. Kalugin
testified that this Soviet Ambassador was very knowledgeable
about this matter. He stated that if such POWs were kept, the
Soviet Ambassador would almost certainly have known. The
Senate Select Committee has been unable to schedule an
interview with the Ambassador.
. Continued pursuit of the KGB, GRU and Soviet Military Archival
records. The records of these organizations, if made
available to the U.S., will assist in finally determining
whether any Vietnam-era POWs were taken to the former USSR.
Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia
The Committee recognizes that many answers to the questions it
posed this year lay in Southeast Asia and recommends that the
Department of State, the Department of Defense and the Joint Task
Force for Full Accounting (JTF-FA) continue to work with the
governments of these countries to find answers. These matters
. The continued pursuit and evaluation of information from the
. The continued pursuit and evaluation of information from and
about Lao official records
. Interviews of former Pathet Lao leader Prince Souphanovang and
former Pathet Lao spokesman Soth Petrasy concerning their war-
time statements that they (Pathet Lao) were holding U.S. POWs
in Laos. The Senate Select Committee was unable to obtain
permission from Prince Souphanovang or from Mr. Petrasy for an
interview. Neither individual felt able at this time to add
to the statements they had already made.
. Access to and evaluation of the information available on Lima
Site 85. The Senate Select Committee was unable to obtain Lao
permission for JTF-FA to examine the site of this incident.
The Lao military commanders who are knowledgeable about the
fate of the Americans who were present when the intelligence
site was overrun should be interviewed.
China and North Korea
The Committee recognizes that the Governments of China and North
Korea continue to hold information concerning the fates of U.S.
servicemen. The Committee recommends the following:
. Continued pursuit of information from museums, archives and
government officials in North Korea that was begun by the
. The formation of a commission similar to the U.S./Russia
Commission to work with the Government of China;
. The formation of a commission similar to the U.S./Russia
Commission to work with the Government of North Korea.
The Department of Defense
The Committee recognizes the accomplishments of the Department of
Defense but also recommends the following areas of continued
. Continuation of the JTF-FA approach to information gathering
in Southeast Asia;
. Declassification and release to the public (in cooperation
with Garwood's attorneys) of all records that relate to PFC
. Full analysis of the Operation Homecoming debriefs. The
debriefs should be reexamined to answer finally and with
absolute certainty that no POWs remain unaccounted for who
were in the prison system. The Senate Select Committee was
not allowed to do an independent examination of the debriefs
because of promises made to returning POWs by DoD at
. Interview of former South Vietnamese President Thieu.
President Thieu should be interviewed to determine how much
information the South Vietnamese military intelligence had
concerning American POWs in both North Vietnam and Laos.
. Continued analysis and evaluation of the 4500(+) photos
received from the Government of Vietnam;
. Continued analysis and evaluation of all material received
from the Vietnamese archives;
. Continued support of the Vessey initiatives.
The Committee believes that an inter-agency coordinating body for
POW/MIA policies is needed and that the IAG for POW/MIA Affairs
ably fulfills this role. However, the Committee is disturbed by the
lack of formality in IAG record-keeping and believes that, at a
minimum, that the minutes of discussions at such meetings should be
In addition, although the IAG should consult regularly with the
League and other POW/MIA family organizations, the Committee
believes that the role of the IAG and issues of membership on it
should be reviewed by the new Administration.
Department of Justice
The Department of Justice was very supportive of the Committee and
was able to accommodate almost all of its requests. There are
areas, however, which will require continued independent
investigation, such as:
. Evaluation of previous referrals from the Committee to the
Department of Justice to assess the appropriateness for
prosecutions of fraud cases;
. Review of the materials to be provided to the Department of
Justice from the December Oversight hearing;
. Evaluation of any new referrals coming at the end of the
The Committee was denied access to the Watergate tapes and strongly
believes it is in the public interest that Congress pursue that
Progress on Declassification
All records used by the Committee in the Office of Senate Security
(U.S.-407) have been declassified, except for National Security
Agency records; these are to be declassified soon, according to
Approximately one-sixth of the 1.5 million pages of material
ordered declassified by the 1991 McCain Amendment to the DoD
Authorization had been declassified by publication date. That law
gave DoD until November 1994 to establish libraries of POW/MIA
information correlated to unaccounted-for servicemen for their
families, and a library of uncorrelated information for all
Information about the Committee
Copies of the Committee Report and hearing transcripts will be
available from the Government Printing Office beginning in February
1993. They also are available through the U.S. Government
Depository Libraries located at most colleges and listed in the
Non-published Committee records will be available to the public
through the National Archives beginning in early February 1993.
These include staff materials, memoranda of conversation, notes an
other documents that may include incorrect data, discredited
theories, incomplete pieces of information, or staff opinion,
however; the Committee's judgments, after consideration of all
evidence available to United States Senators, is reflected in this
Other information and judgments should not be accorded credibility
simply because of its presence in the Committee's working files;
the staff was structured to provide the Committee's Members with
the strongest arguments on all sides of each issue, and their
comments must be taken in toto.
All Committee documents are available through the National
Archives; please contact its Center for Legislative Archives,
National Archives, Washington, D.C. 20408, telephone 202/501-5350. MEMBERS'
Some of the statements Committee members made on the Senate floor
are appended. For statements made after publication date, please
check the Congressional Record.